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The Digital in Architecture HS19
Robotic Landscapes III
Seminar Week AS19
The Digital in Architecture FS19
Seminar Week SS19
The Digital in Architecture HS18
Robotic Landscapes II
MAS DFAB: Rapid Clay Formations
Zero-Waste Geometry
Seminar Week AS18
ROB|ARCH 2018 Workshop
MAS DFAB: Gradual Assemblies
The Digital in Architecture FS18
Robotic Landscapes I
Malleable Voxels
MAS DFAB: minijammed
Seminar Week
MAS DFAB: Brick Labyrinth
MAS DFAB: Robotic Pavilion
Force-Adaptive Wire Cutting
Spatial Extrusions 2
Spatial Extrusions
Graded Structures 2
Graded Structures
Robotic Wire Cutting Summerschool
Spatial Wire Cutting
Extruded Structures
Remote Material Deposition Installation
Remote Material Deposition
Depth Modulations 2
Design of Robotic Fabricated High Rises 2
Depth Modulations
Complex Timber Structures 2
Complex Timber Structures 1
Robotic Metal Aggregations
Shifted Frames 2
Design of Robotic Fabricated High Rises 1
Shifted Frames 1
Spatial Aggregations 2
Spatial Aggregations 1
Robotic Clay Molding
The Fragile Structure 2
The Fragile Structure 1
Procedural Landscapes 2
Procedural Landscapes 1
Seminar Week
The Interlocking 2
The Interlocking 1
The Sequential Structure 2
The Sequential Structure 1
Explicit Bricks
The Programmed Column 2
The Programmed Column 1
Open Air Theater
Voxels 2
Voxels 1
The Opening 2
The Opening 1
The Sequential Wall 2
The Sequential Wall 1
Acoustics
The Foam
The Resolution Wall
Construction Hoarding
The Dissolved Wall
Domoterra Lounge
The Perforated Wall 2
The Perforated Wall 1
The Programmed Wall
The Oblique Hole






Rapid Clay Formations, ETH Zurich, 2018
Rapid Clay Formations is a four-week design and build assignment investigating a novel fabrication process for malleable materials. Starting with the Remote Material Deposition installation in 2014, the Chair of Architecture and Digital Fabrication has investigated the idea of robotically positioning material in space from a distance and thereby creating differentiated architectural aggregations that are a direct expression of a dynamic and adaptive fabrication process. Continuing this concept, more recent projects developed within the MAS programme shifted the focus to the study of robotic fabrication processes for malleable materials, where the precise control of forces and positions applied to the material to design and build highly differentiated structures.

Rapid Clay Formations invites the students to participate in a collaborative research where different groups investigate different aspects and potentials of the fabrication process. The setup consists of a small-scale six-axis robotic arm manipulating an end-effector that allows to prepare projectiles of different sizes, position them, and press them into their respective shapes by linear pneumatic actuation. Through iterations of empiric testing, design simulation, and physical prototyping different typologies of the technique were explored. Topics included the differentiation of force applied to the projectiles leading to different bonding behavior and thickness of the structure, the differentiation of projectile sizes (diameter and height) and their respective interlocking behavior, the discretisation of surfaces into single- and multi-layer high-resolution aggregations, and the possibility for different projectile topologies such as for example a torus shaped projectile. Besides showing the design potential of the different approaches, the goal was to increase the interlocking behavior of the projectiles that leads to better structural performance, to improve the robustness and speed of the fabrication process and to develop methods to relate the physical outcome to the computational design and simulation framework.
Credits:
Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zürich

Collaborators: David Jenny (project lead), Inés Ariza, Zhao Ma
Students: Antonio Barney, Aya Shaker Ali, Chaoyu Du, Eleni Skevaki, Jonas Van den Bulcke, Keerthana Udaykumar, Nicolas Feihl, Nik Eftekhar Olivo, Noor Khader, Rahul Girish, Sofia Michopoulou, Ying-Shiuan Chen, Yoana Taseva, Yuta Akizuki, Wenqian Yang

Copyright 2016, Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Gramazio Kohler Research
Chair of Architecture and Digital Fabrication
ETH Zürich HIB E 43
Stefano-Franscini Platz 1 / CH-8093 Zurich

+41 44 633 49 06
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